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PDF File. John Chapter 4

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Jesus and the Woman at the well.

  1. pharisees hearing about Jesus baptizing
  2. but Jesus himself wasn’t baptizing, it was his disciples…why is that? Talk about this AFTER you get to the end of verse 26
    1. Jesus is NOT just a teacher
    2. If he were, then he would have been baptizing
    3. He is the Son of God!
    4. Baptism in water is a figura umbrae…it is not the real thing!
    5. He will only bring the perfect and not the shadow of the perfect-seeLuke 24:49, Acts 1:1-4
    6. Luke 24:49 And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.
    7. Acts 1:1   The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,  2 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen:  3 To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God:  4 And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me. 5 For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.
  3. when Jesus learned that the pharisees heard this… he leaves…
    1. case in point: Jesus in the flesh must depend on the Holy Spirit…God the Son has made himself incarnate and that means subject to time like we are and he is not omniscient in the flesh no more than we are…why is that?
    2. why did he leave?  -it was not yet his time and the Judean countryside is in and around Jerusalem…
  4. Samaria is on the way to Galilee
  5. 5. He comes to a Samaritan town of Sychar
  6. 6. sixth hour
    1. Scofield. 19:14 sixth hour. This is 6 a.m. John uses Roman time with the hours starting at 12 midnight and 12 noon, as is done today. However, the Synoptics use Hebrew calculations, beginning with sunrise (that is, 6 a.m.; 7 a.m. being the first hour, etc.). This is apparent from the care with which the Gospels specify particular hours in relation to the crucifixion. Our Lord was put on the cross at 9 a.m. (“third hour” Mk. 15:25); darkness was over the land from noon until 3 p.m. (“sixth” till “ninth hour,” Mt. 27:45–46; Mk. 15:33–34; Lk. 23:44). Thus here the “sixth hour” could not be Hebrew time (noon), but rather 6 a.m., “early in the morning” (Mt. 27:1–2). Acts uses Hebrew time.
    2. my NIV note says this is noon?
  7. Jesus sees the samaritan woman and asks her for water
  8. His disciples had gone to buy food
  9. Samaritans:
    1. After the northern kingdom, with its capital at Samaria, fell to the Assyians, many Jews were deported to Assyria, and the foreigners were brought in to settle the land help keep the peace (2 Kings 17:24). The intermarriage between those foreigners and the remaining Jews resulted in a mixed race, impure in the opinion of Jews who lived in the southern kingdom. Thuse the pure Jews hated this mixed race called Samaritans because they felt that their that their fellow Jews who had intermarried had betrayed their people and nation. The Samaritans had set up an alternate center for worship on Mount Gerizim (4:20) to parallel the temple at Jerusalem, but it had been destroyed 150 years earlier. The Jews did everything they could to avoid traveling through Samaria. But Jesus had no reason to live by such cultural restrictions. The route through Samararia was short.
    2. His route through Samaria was intentional because he wanted to speak to this woman
  10. living water
  11. Samaritan woman thinking in this world of water, not living water
  12. Then she asks probably smugly if he is greater than their father Jacob
  13. Jesus explains water and living water
  14. Living water once consumed produces a well which springs out of us
  15. Samaritan woman wants water so that she won’t have to come every day and draw from the well.
  16. Jesus immediately tacks into another thread about her husband
  17. She lies to Jesus
  18. She has had five husbands and is living with a man who is not her husband at present
  19. She is stunned: simply by what she says she concludes that he is a prophet: don’t be mislead by ‘miracles.’ Look for the signs!
  20. Samaritims and Mount Gerizim:
    1. Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal, the mountain of blessing and the mountain of curses
    2. Deut. 11:26     See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse—  27 the blessing if you obey the commands of the LORD your God that I am giving you today;  28 the curse if you disobey the commands of the LORD your God and turn from the way that I command you today by following other gods, which you have not known.  29 When the LORD your God has brought you into the land you are entering to possess, you are to proclaim on Mount Gerizim the blessings, and on Mount Ebal the curses.  30 As you know, these mountains are across the Jordan, west of the road, toward the setting sun, near the great trees of Moreh, in the territory of those Canaanites living in the Arabah in the vicinity of Gilgal.
  21. prophecy! What was Jesus telling her here?
  22. Jesus brings the conversation back to her and not the place of worship. He is telling her that there is living water that can save her!
  23. He is telling her to see deeper:
    1. 1Cor. 13:8   Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away.  9 For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.  10 But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.  11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.  12 For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.  13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.
    2. This can only come by the baptism in the Holy Spirit! Baptism by water is a figura umbrae.
  24. We cannot worship God except in spirit and truth!
  25. The Samaritan woman must have been moved, because she then remembers that the Messiah is coming. She makes the same mistake about Jesus that most people fall into: he is not a great moral teacher…he is God the Son.
  26. Jesus tells her plainly that he is the Messiah, God the Son! He is telling her that he is more important than the teaching! We must long to know God and His Christ as though it is the very water in our blood!
  27. The disciples return to find Jesus talking to the woman.
    1. Why are they surprised?
    2. Why do they no interrupt Jesus?
    3. Was there something different about him that was not visible before to them?
  28. Why did the woman leave her water jar?
  29. She makes the classic mistake. What mistake is that?
    1. She is enthralled by the ‘sign’ of being told what she had hidden.
    2. What all generations seek is a sign! What they get are ‘miracles’ and by that they will be deceived.
  30. What then did the people come to see?
  31. His disciples then urged him to eat. Why?
  32. His mind was on these people. It was more important to him than food or drink.
  33. What are the disciples thinking about? Just the food. Isn’t that like us? Aren’t we all about the day to day necessities of life? What do we miss?
  34. What is our Lord and Savior focused on? This escapes the disciples? Do we miss it too?
  35. Procrastination is such a tool of the enemy!
  36. Jesus is quite plain about our work.
  37. We stand on the shoulders of those who came before us, planting. We plant and we are also reaping. But we are all co-laborers.
  38. This is really the great commission!
  39. It was the miracloiThere arnowledge that Jesus had that drew the people. But it was the Lord himself whose person they believed in.
  40. Once they were in his presence, they could not get enough of him.
  41. Many believed.
  42. The miraculous that drew them was not the reason that these people believed.
  43. Jesus moves on to Galilee to continue his work.
  44. A prophet is not without honor except where the people know him!
  45. In Galilee (Cana where he turned the water into wine), the people heard about the Passover feast (see John 2:23). They were also there and saw him. We do not have the full details of what Jesus did there that I can find.
  46. So he again comes to Cana where he turned the water into wine. Why did Jesus choose that particular miracle to start his ministry? This time there was a certain man, an official of high status.
  47. This man implores Jesus to come and heal his son who is near death.
  48. There are four groups of people watching Jesus. What are those groups of people and to whom is he speaking in this verse?
    1. The official and his likely his family who are desparate for this boy.
    2. The people who saw what Jesus did before at the wedding, and want to see more miracles.
    3. The people who have gone beyond the miracles to know that Jesus is the Son of God and who want him.
    4. His disciples.
  49. He begs Jesus to come to his son.
  50. But what does Jesus do? I can see him not even moving! He doesn’t do a dog and pony show for those just wanting to see a sign, but he sees the heart in the man who believes he is the Son of God. He simply speaks the words and what does the many do? He believes! And he goes to see his son!
    1. This man has a Nicodemus moment! John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. 8 The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit
    2. Faith is the substance of things hoped for…
    3. The evidence of things not seen! This man was born again without a doubt!
  51. While the man is walking home, a whole day’s walk, he finds out that his son living, and that he got better.
  52. What is the seventh hour here? Roman time it would be 7am but Jewish time would be 1pm
  53. The man knows that the son was healed by Jesus because it was at the same time.
  54. This was the second miracle after the water was turned into wine.
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